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meraki MX High availablity

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meraki MX High availablity

Dear Team,

 

We have two MX Meraki  FW and Two Cisco Switches in network , 2 ISP

 

we need load sharing with High availability

 

SO i need to know what connectivity we should make to achive high availabity and what configuration need to made

 

I go through meraki document but it is confusing so i need help from your side .

 

Actually main thing to connect WAN

 

So how wan should be connect and LAN Should be conncet and both Meraki

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

If both ISPs give you a single cable then you need a basic dumb layer 2 switch for each (Dlink or similar) as each connection needs to be plugged into both MX firewalls.

 

Plug ISP1 to WAN1 on primary MX

Plug ISP2 to WAN2 on primary MX

 

Both ISPs need to give you four IP addresses in the same subnet, one for their device, one for each MX and one virtual IP to move between them, they will form an active/passive pair.

 

Configure the LAN IP for the MX (there is only one for both)

Configure WAN1 with an IP address from ISP1s subnet and set the gateway to the IP used on their device

Configure WAN2 with an IP address from ISP1s subnet and set the gateway to the IP used on their device

 

Both WAN ports should now show as up on the dashboard with public IPs as you have set

 

Click on Configure warm spare and select Use virtual uplink IPs

 

Enter the virtual IP for each ISP in the boxes called WAN X shared IP

 

Both WAN ports should now show as up on the dashboard with virtual public IPs as you have just set

 

You will now have Primary and Spare click on spare to access the warm spare MX and configure the two ISP public IP addresses and gateways using the remaining addresses from the ISP subnets.

 

Plug one of the LAN ports on the primary MX to one of your switches

Plug one of the LAN ports on the spare MX to the second switch with the switch port on the same VLAN and able to see the port on the first switch (trunk interconnect / stack etc.) 

 

Plug in the ISP1 cable from the layer 2 switch to WAN1

Plug in the ISP2 cable from the layer 2 switch to WAN2

 

Make sure you have spanning tree configured on the switches, then connect a second LAN cable from each MX to the other switch (i.e. MX1 to switch2 and MX2 to switch1) where again both ports are in the same VLAN as the first two.

 

Config is now complete.

 

 

 

 

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

If both ISPs give you a single cable then you need a basic dumb layer 2 switch for each (Dlink or similar) as each connection needs to be plugged into both MX firewalls.

 

Plug ISP1 to WAN1 on primary MX

Plug ISP2 to WAN2 on primary MX

 

Both ISPs need to give you four IP addresses in the same subnet, one for their device, one for each MX and one virtual IP to move between them, they will form an active/passive pair.

 

Configure the LAN IP for the MX (there is only one for both)

Configure WAN1 with an IP address from ISP1s subnet and set the gateway to the IP used on their device

Configure WAN2 with an IP address from ISP1s subnet and set the gateway to the IP used on their device

 

Both WAN ports should now show as up on the dashboard with public IPs as you have set

 

Click on Configure warm spare and select Use virtual uplink IPs

 

Enter the virtual IP for each ISP in the boxes called WAN X shared IP

 

Both WAN ports should now show as up on the dashboard with virtual public IPs as you have just set

 

You will now have Primary and Spare click on spare to access the warm spare MX and configure the two ISP public IP addresses and gateways using the remaining addresses from the ISP subnets.

 

Plug one of the LAN ports on the primary MX to one of your switches

Plug one of the LAN ports on the spare MX to the second switch with the switch port on the same VLAN and able to see the port on the first switch (trunk interconnect / stack etc.) 

 

Plug in the ISP1 cable from the layer 2 switch to WAN1

Plug in the ISP2 cable from the layer 2 switch to WAN2

 

Make sure you have spanning tree configured on the switches, then connect a second LAN cable from each MX to the other switch (i.e. MX1 to switch2 and MX2 to switch1) where again both ports are in the same VLAN as the first two.

 

Config is now complete.

 

 

 

 

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

Dear 

 

I really appriciate with your reply with deep understanding 

 

More few question which in my mind is 

 

1. How many IP require (Same Subnet ) For Wan1, Wan2 and LAN  ---> 

 

Correct me if i am wrong --> As per i understand in your reply that we should configure one IP for Device and One IP for Virtual so it will require only two --> and what for second device ?

 

2. Our requirement is we need active active for Meraki MX

 

Your given configuration is related to high availability right ?

 

so how can we do active active for MX ? is there any limitation ?

 

 

Thanks for your reply 

 

Regards,

Harmesh Yadav

 

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

@HarmeshYadav glad to be of help, answers below to your further questions:

 

1) You are correct, one for primary MX, one for vIP and you do need a third for the second MX.  The ISP also needs to use one on the equipment that the line terminates in so effectively the minimum subnet you need is a /29.

 

2) MX can only be active/active in when deployed purely as a VPN concentrator.  Why do you need active/active, with the virtual IP it appears to one firewall to the outside and it always appears as one to the inside.

 

Cheers, 

 

Charles 

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

actually my client want active active 

 

if i will go for active active should i follow same method which you provided right ?

 

or other ?

 

And same IP will be use for Active active 

 

Regards,

Harmesh Yadav

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Re: meraki MX High availablity

If you want to use in routing mode then MXs cannot be active/active.  Why would they want active/active, is the combined internet throughput over 6Gb/s?

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